What is Fiction and Nonfiction?

Fiction and nonfiction text is something we read almost daily. Think, do we read the packaging of goods? Yes. What about reading newspapers and google news articles? Do you google search reviews of products? Or read a bedside novel/autobiography? Do you watch any educational video? Have you listened to an interview on the radio ? That’s right! We do read or watch/listen to something. Whatever information we consume, falls under some genre.

fiction and nonfiction difference
Fiction and Nonfiction Difference with Examples

What are fiction and nonfiction genre?

  • News snippet on a flower show
  • Autobiography of a famous personality
  • Packaging information of dog food
  • Adventures of Narnia
  • Video on turtles
  • A funny radio show

All these are entertaining and informative. They are of some genre in fiction or nonfiction. Genre means a type of something or a category of something. “What type of book are you reading?” Which means what genre are you reading. Read further to find more details of fiction and nonfiction with examples and watch this video to know more about literary genres.

Fiction Nonfiction Literary Genres

What is Fiction?

Fiction refers to the imaginary and something that’s not real.

  • Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban
  • Godzilla movie
  • A book of jokes
  • Cindrella fairytale
  • The Secret Island by Enid Blyton

All these are examples of fiction. Any story with imaginary characters and setting is fiction. Fictitious stories have story elements of character, setting, problem and solution. Fiction books for kids are in the form of picture books, chapter books and novels. Read the chart given below, to know more about genres within fiction and nonfiction.

Sub genres in fiction and nonfiction. (fiction and nonfiction with examples)

Note that Historical fiction are fiction stories that are partly real and partly imaginary.

What is nonfiction?

Real and factual information is nonfiction. Nonfiction means the information is not fiction.

  • News snippet on score of a tennis match
  • Interview of cricketer Sachin Tendulkar
  • “My Experiences With Truth” book by Mahatma Gandhi
  • Encyclopedia of Sea Animals
  • History textbook

These give real and factual information. They are nonfiction. A detailed account of travel to places is a travelogue. Real experience narrated in a story form is called narrative nonfiction. “Swept Away: the story of the 2011 Japanese Tsunami” by Rebecca Rissman is an example of narrative nonfiction.

Nonfiction has real information, opinions and views on real issues. Articles have well researched information and statistics. Nonfiction books have maps, data, charts, captions, real pictures, glossary, index and much more. Encyclopedia, dictionary and autobiographies are examples of nonfiction.

Difference between fiction and nonfiction with examples.

jungle book fiction nonfiction example
Jungle Book Fiction Story

Fiction and nonfiction books have their special text features. To understand better, lets take an example of the story Jungle Book by Rudyard Kipling. The story is about a human child Mowgli and his animal guardians. Its the story of how Mowgli survives in the jungle. The watchful eyes of Sher Khan follow Mowgli. Is Mowgli successful in going back to where he belongs?

The jungle animals converse with Mowgli. Some wild animals strategize and plan. Other wild animals have protective feelings for the human child. They sing and dance together. The red flowers in the jungle has a scary symbolism for the wild animals. It is surprising to read about such friendship of the human child with wild animals in the forests. The story is imaginary and a fiction.

If you wish to read some real information on animals and forests, then read a nonfiction book. An animal encyclopedia is a nonfiction book. It has factual information about animals and their surroundings. It will have information on the animal life cycle. Or what food they eat and how they live. A variety of information covered in nonfiction book animal encyclopedia. It has real information about animals with real pictures and statistics.

Disney The Jungle Book

The author is Rudyard Kipling and publisher Autumn Publishing. The book has 28 good quality pages with wonderful colorful illustrations. Its a sturdy hard bound book. The lovely illustrations will keep the readers spell bound and captivated in the story.

The army of animals around Mowgli including Sher Khan, Bagheera, Bhaloo the bear, the hypnotic snake, monkeys and the family of wolves. They are all there in the fiction storybook waiting to greet and take the reader in to the imaginative story.

The Jungle Book Board book (First Stories)

The book written and illustrated by Miriam Bos and published by Campbell Books. The story originally written by Rudyard Kipling in 1892, featuring endearing characters that are much loved by generations of kids. The first classic story introduced to little children. This board book has thick pages that little kids cannot tear.

The push/pull/slide cut-outs of animals that move for effect will amuse the little kids. Little kids absolutely love these moving animals in the book. The story is compact with less text yet the beautiful colourful pictures are very eye catching to observe. The book size is about a large adult size palm impression. The book is value for money.

Also read related article: Which Are The 21st Century Skills?

Animals- Wow Encyclopedia in Augmented Reality

The book is for children above 8 years. Younger kids can listen to parents read out the information. Talking about the pictures with reference to the real information will educate the younger kids about the real world of animals. The book has 66 pages with colourful pictures. Publisher is Dreamland Publication in 2020.

The book uses augmented reality technology. Users can download a free app on smart phone or tablet. The book is factual and informative about animals and their environment. The nonfiction book is fun and engaging.


Fiction and nonfiction are both necessary. In this article you found fiction and nonfiction examples. They help to balance the creative imagination and practical informational facts about the real world. Reading fiction boosts the innate creativity in young readers and gives limitless possibilities to imagination.

A creative imagination helps in expressing thoughts, ideas and feelings. It helps in out of the box thinking and problem solving. Real factual information in nonfiction helps in acquiring knowledge about the world we live in. Reading different genres of books helps in all-round development.

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