creative courses after 12

Creative Courses After 12

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Even before completing grade 12, the most prominent thought process is getting admission to a great undergraduate course of your interest. If you have a creative bent of mind, you may look for courses that will use your artistic instinct as well as build your skills, with an eligibility of grade 12. It is a crucial life decision because you will want a profession that is financially rewarding and fulfilling your artistic interests.

This article will tell you which are those professional creative courses after grade 12.

B.Des (Bachelor of Design)

This is a four-year course that will make you professionally qualified to work in any of the design fields.  You should pursue a Bachelor of Design (B.Des.) if designing as such is interesting to you. You could consider exploring this option.

There are many specializations within the B.Des course which you can develop further with a postgraduate degree as well.

Graduates of this course can pursue satisfying and productive careers in

  • fashion,
  • UXUI,
  • graphic design,
  • textile design,
  • communication design,
  • interior design, or
  • product design.

Aesthetics and design, among various other subjects, will all be covered in the course.

After doing this bachelor's course in design, you can complete your masters in any of the specialized subjects like fashion, visual communication, industrial design, UXUI, and others.

BFA (Bachelor of Fine Arts)

If you enjoy creating and performing art, you should consider pursuing a Bachelor of Fine Arts (BFA) degree. It includes the visual arts, such as

  • painting,
  • sculpture,
  • photography,
  • printing,

and such others in the BFA program.

In this course, you will explore various artistic practices, discover your style, and get a deeper knowledge of these topics.

It is a three to four-year undergraduate course offered by well-known colleges, universities and private institutes. After completing this course, you can be an artist/painter, or actor, specialize in multi-media, assist an art director, graphic designer, or animator or complete a master’s degree in any of the specializations.

BMM (Bachelor in Mass Media)

A BMM degree can open doors to interesting and intriguing careers in the media sector. This course covers journalism, advertising, public relations, and even filmmaking. You will learn how to make short films, as well as write and design efficient advertising. Additionally, this degree is among one of the most sought after creative courses after grade 12.

The media sector is booming because of internet accessibility as there are OTT platforms, social media and so on. If you have an aptitude for media-related work like reporting, creating various types of media, and copywriting, then with this course, you can pursue a career in television, newspapers, radio and other online media houses.

BJMC (Bachelor in Journalism and Mass Communication)

If you enjoy writing and reporting, you should think about getting a Bachelor of Journalism and Mass Communication (BJMC) degree and skillset. This course teaches

  •  journalism,
  • news reporting,
  • content development, 
  • media management.

After completing this course, you can takeup interviewing, news writing, and be a media ethics expert. It is a three-year undergraduate course suitable for people who are enthusiastic about all aspects of journalism and mass communication.

Through this degree course, you will get the skills to write/report news and editorial pieces, photojournalism, graphic designing, video editing, and public relations. There is no stopping you to study further and complete a post-graduate degree too.

Equipped with this degree and skillset, you could work for media houses or do freelance work.

Bachelor of Animation and Multi-Media

If you enjoy animation and visual effects, a Bachelor of Arts in Animation and Multimedia is the perfect calling for you because it will transform your hobby into a career. Animation, 3D modelling, game design, visual effects and much more are all part of this course.

 In animation, computer-generated images bring characters and tales to life so you will learn to use these techniques.

With the advent of various animation software and the demand for animation in movies, advertisements, and other platforms, it is an exciting time for multi-media-related education and careers.

Bachelor of Fashion Design:

A Program for those people who have a deep interest in Fashion. This course covers topics such as,

  • fashion sketching,
  • garment manufacturing,
  • fabric choosing, and
  • merchandising.

If you are interested in trends, fusion, innovation, textiles, culture, production, merchandising and various aspects of fashion, then this course will benefit you.

You will develop fashionable designs, research current fashion trends, and present your collections on a catwalk.

Bachelor of Film and Television Production:

This Bachelor of Film and Television Production study covers various aspects of the creative and technical elements of film and television production.

If you have a passion for these aspects of film-making, then doing this course will change your life course. Filmmaking, directing, editing, screenwriting, and production management are among the interesting course contents. This training prepares you for a fulfilling career in film and TV work.

This course will prepare you with the skillset for film and television-related professions.

Bachelor of Event Management

If you like planning and managing events, consider a bachelor's degree in event management because you will get ample opportunity to plan and execute events. Moreover, you will earn good money too. Moreover, if you have people skills, organizing and managing tactics then this course will be enjoyable for you.

This course teaches participants to arrange, organise, and execute weddings, conferences, exhibitions, and concerts. You will get repeat orders if you do a good job. With this course, you could work in corporate houses, media houses, companies or freelance as an event manager. You could also go abroad to study/specialize in this course.

Bachelor of Architecture

This is a five-year undergraduate course in architecture that teaches you the fundamentals of design, space, planning and constructing habitable spaces. If you have a flair for designing layouts, aesthetics and planning, then this course will be interesting for you.

After completing this course, you can become a licensed architect. Then, you can work in private companies, governmental organizations or freelance. This way you can be involved in all the little details of planning and designing the layouts of buildings and spaces. Additionally, you could also turn to interior designing.


Choosing any of these creative courses after grade 12 may be advantageous in today's ever-changing work environment. Enrolling in such a course might help you enhance your talents in design, fine art, media, architecture, animation, journalism and fashion. Indulge in an innovative adventure by following your instincts and discovering your latent creative potential.

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courses after 12 commerce

Courses After 12 Commerce

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After grade 12 in commerce, students have several options that will suit their interests. Accounting, Economics, Business Studies, Statistics, English, Mathematics, and Informatics Practises are only a few of the core disciplines covered in the Commerce curriculum for students in grade 12. 

Common courses after 12 commerce include:

Bachelor of Commerce (B.Com): 

A three-year undergraduate degree in accounting, finance, economics, taxation, and business management. This degree program offers comprehensive coverage of commerce subjects. Specialisations include finance, accounting, marketing, and HR. After B.Com, you can do M.Com, MBA, CS, CA, and other financial management postgraduate courses.

After High School, B.Com. was the second most common college degree in India. B.Com degrees are popular among students from a variety of academic backgrounds because they provide enough opportunities for advancement in both education and professional pursuits.

Bachelor of Business Administration (BBA): 

A three-year undergraduate business and management curriculum. Marketing, finance, HR, operations, and entrepreneurship are taught in this courses. BBA is a popular bachelor's degree programme after high school. 

Business administration bachelor's degree holders can work in education, finance, government, and more. BBA degrees are popular because they provide the management skills needed to run any business or group. One might have a clearer understanding of the process and methods involved in running a firm.

Chartered Accountancy (CA): 

The ICAI offers professional education for becoming a CA. It requires extensive study of about five years including training to become a Chartered Accountant. CAs can handle accounting, auditing, taxes, and finance.

There are three exam levels a CA student has to complete and there is also an articleship training of three years. 

Company Secretary (CS): 

The Institute of Company Secretaries of India (ICSI) trains Company Secretaries. CS professionals ensure companies follow laws. The course covers company law, corporate governance, securities rules, and economic, and labour laws. In recent times, this course has got the status of post-graduate course.

Company secretaries file, register, present, certify, and verify papers for the company, a share transfer agent, an issue house, a secretarial auditor, or a consultant.  They can advise a corporation on management and legal issues. Company secretaries can work as legal advisers, corporate policymakers, planners, etc. in prominent Indian and international businesses.

Bachelor of Economics (B.Econ): 

If you are interested in economics, this degree covers microeconomics, macroeconomics, econometrics, cost accounting, organisational operations, business skills and international and development economics. It can lead to financial, research, policy, and consulting professions.

B.Com Economics is a three-year undergraduate programme, graduates can get jobs in banking, auditing, financial firms, research firms, account management, and more.

Bachelor of Law (LLB): 

After 12 commerce, you can study law courses with an LLB offering professional training in law. The three-year undergraduate degree covers several legal topics. You can practise law or study law with an LLB.

After doing the law course, you can become a lawyer, advocate, paralegal, law officer, Legal Associate, Corporate lawyer, lecturer, etc. LLB holders can work in law firms, MNCs, government agencies, judicial bodies, and more.

Bachelor of Hotel Management (BHM): 

This degree is for working in the hospitality and hotel industry. This three to four-year course covers hotel operations, food & beverage, front-of-house, and event planning. It offers hospitality and tourist jobs.

Hotel management graduates can work as General Managers, HR Managers, Executive chefs, Restaurant Managers, Duty Managers, Front Desk receptionists, Executive Housekeepers, and more. 

The Taj Group of Hotels, Marriott International, Inc., ITC Hotels, The Oberoi, The Leela, Hyatt Hotels, Radisson, Crowne Plaza Hotels & Resorts, Courtyard by Marriott, The Ritz-Carlton, LLC, and others hire B.HM graduates.


These were some of the courses you can do after grade 12 in commerce. But first, you must examine your hobbies, skills, and career goals before choosing. Examine all aspects of the course to make an informed choice. Career counsellors or industry experts can also assist you decide.

These courses provide banking, financial management, and entrepreneurial vocations. CA and CS courses teach accounting, taxation, and corporate law. Financial specialists and business advisers may make good money with these credentials. Remember, there are many course options but first, question yourselves what are your interests.

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peer pressure essay

Essay on Peer Pressure

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Peer Pressure Essay in over 700 words

Peer pressure is evident when companions shape your personality, especially during your teenage years. This essay explores many aspects of this topic. What friends say or do affects your mindset and decision making capacity when you are a teenager. This is called "peer pressure," and it may have both positive and negative effects on teens. Understanding peer pressure dynamics helps you make wise decisions and be true to yourself.

Peer pressure occurs when peers influence a person's thoughts, discussions, conclusions and decisions. Direct and indirect pressure are two types of influences from the social circle. Direct group pressure happens when someone influences another with words. Indirect peer pressure happens when people are persuaded to act like their peers through observation and subtle hints.

Positive Impact of Peer Pressure

Despite common assumptions, peer counsel can be useful. Positive peer pressure may inspire teens to develop, be healthy, and help others. Adolescents and teenagers may enhance intellectual, athletic, or artistic talents due to peer pressure. 

Positive social pressure inspires and motivates you to flourish and feel like you belong in the group. Having a circle of friends with a growth mindset helps teenagers gradually know themselves and expand their capabilities. 

Teenagers who are comfortable with who they are, do not feel the compulsion to follow the crowd. For this, teenagers set boundaries and do not let others hurt them or influence them negatively. Each person is different and there is no need to fit in or follow the crowd all the time. 

Negative Impact of Peer Pressure

Peer pressure can motivate, but it can also backfire. Adolescents may sacrifice their health and values to fit in. Negative peer pressure can lead to drug use, risky behaviour, and lawbreaking. Adolescents may regret their actions out of fear of rejection or exclusion.

If teenagers lack self-belief and easily feel ashamed of themselves, which many teenagers do, they are likely to be negatively influenced by peers. This can adversely affect their self-esteem if they are not sure of themselves. Teenage is an age of transition from dependence to independence to make decisions and take care of self.

I agree with this line I read somewhere that one of the most important responsibilities of a person is to know who they are and what good they can do.

Resisting Peer Pressure as a Teenager

Teenagers who can withstand peer pressure have a strong sense of self and value. Confidence and self-esteem can help teens make moral decisions freely and defy peer pressure. Parents and teachers can help peer-pressured teens. 

Practising critical thinking abilities helps teenagers understand their choices and act accordingly. Young people should challenge conventions, combat stereotypes, and think over the pros and cons of their mindset and decisions. Be yourself because you cannot make everybody happy.

This will help to build autonomy and learn to disregard peer pressure. Trusting your emotions and being more assertive will help you to say "no" to harmful behaviours. Choose your friends wisely because it is said, most human beings are a sum of five people they interact with frequently. 

Promoting Positive Influences

Creating a positive environment reduces harmful peer pressure. Having greater chances to express feelings and energy through sports, clubs, art projects, and community service. Teenagers are more likely to make friends who share their interests. 

Moreover, it is a positive influence if teenagers are encouraged to attempt new positive experiences and explore a variety of hobbies. Believe in yourself, your goals and your values so that you are confident and self-reliant as a person. 

Study spiritual philosophy and do not get tempted or diverted by quick shortcut formulas from anybody. When teenagers follow ethical ways and work diligently with perseverance, they are likely to succeed. There is immense power in following the ethical path and doing good. 

Disconnect from friends and people who intimidate, put pressure or drain your energy with bad vibes. Having someone trustworthy such as a parent or mentor, to guide you in difficult situations helps to get some clarity. 

In any case, trust your instinct and feelings if you feel something is wrong, harmful, or condemning, even if it is implicit. Support friends who feel peer pressure in some way and help them become more assertive. Be kind to yourself and others.


Remember, handling peer pressure is an internal battle. Teenage peer pressure may be good or damaging. Good peer pressure can help kids achieve, while bad peer pressure might hinder them. If given the means to handle peer pressure, adolescents and teenagers may make excellent decisions and be true to themselves. Good influences, self-confidence, and critical thinking can help young people profit from these skills. 

Teenagers need our help to grow into healthy, independent thinkers who can handle societal pressure. This was a sample essay on peer pressure. If you liked reading it, please share it with others and subscribe to the blog for more such essays. 

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pcb courses after 12

PCB Courses After 12

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In this piece, you’ll read about the different PCB courses that can be taken after grade 12. We'll look at the educational programmes and possible careers that come with them.

Choosing the right job path after high school is a very important choice that can change the course of a person's professional life. The PCB (Physics, Chemistry, and Biology) mix in the 12th grade gives kids many options in healthcare and life sciences. With so many courses to choose from, students can try out different tracks that match their hobbies and goals. 

After graduating from high school, you can pursue a variety of PCB (Physics, Chemistry, and Biology) courses after 12. 

Here are some common alternatives:

1. MBBS (Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery): 

This is a professional degree in the field of medicine. It is a 5.5-year to 6 years undergraduate programme with a required internship. After graduating MBBS, you can become a doctor or specialise in various medical fields.

2. Bachelor of Dental Surgery (BDS): 

A 4 to 5-year undergraduate dental sciences programme. After finishing the course and the required internship, you will be able to work as a dentist or continue further studies in dentistry.

3. Bachelor of Pharmacy (B.Pharm): 

The Bachelor of Pharmacy (B.Pharm) programme is a four-year undergraduate programme that prepares students for a career in the pharmaceutical business. After finishing the course, you will be able to work as

  • a chemist,
  • pharmaceutical researcher, or
  • further your education in pharmacy.

4. Bachelor of Ayurvedic Treatment and Surgery (BAMS): 

The BAMS programme blends traditional Ayurvedic treatment with modern medical principles over 5.5 years. After finishing the course, you can practise as an Ayurvedic doctor or specialise in Ayurvedic medicine.

5. Bachelor of Physiotherapy (BPT): 

A four-year undergraduate curriculum focusing on physical therapy and rehabilitation, the Bachelor of Physiotherapy (BPT) is a four to five-year undergraduate programme that focuses on physical therapy and rehabilitation. After completing the course, you will be able to work as a

  • physiotherapist in hospitals, clinics, or
  • sports rehabilitation institutes.

6. Bachelor of Veterinary Science (B.V.Sc.): 

A 5-year undergraduate degree that prepares students for a career in veterinary medicine. After finishing the course, you will be qualified to work as a 

  • veterinarian, 
  • animal health professional, 

or pursue additional studies in veterinary sciences.

7. Bachelor of Science (B.Sc.) in Biotechnology: 

A biotechnology bachelor's degree is a three-year undergraduate study that is a combination of biology, technology, and engineering. You will be able to work in the 

  • biotechnology sector, 
  • research groups, 
  • or extend your study in biotechnology after completing the course.

8. B.Sc. or Bachelor of Science in Microbiology. 

The Bachelor of Science in Microbiology is a three-year college programme that focuses on the study of bacteria. After you finish the course, you will be able to work in research labs, or drug companies, or continue your studies in microbiology.

These are just some examples of courses you might take after class 12 if you have a PCB background. It is important to look at each course carefully, think about your interests and career goals, and then make a choice based on what you want.


The PCB combination in grade 12 is a good starting point for people who want to take courses and then work in healthcare or the life sciences. After you finish the 12th grade, you can take several courses that let you concentrate on the medical, dental, pharmaceutical, veterinary, biotechnology, or microbiology fields. 

Each course offers unique educational experiences and job possibilities, responding to students' diverse interests and abilities. Before making a choice, students need to think carefully about their interests, skills, and long-term goals. 

Students can start on a rewarding career path in healthcare and life sciences by choosing a course that fits with their goals, helps society grow, and has a positive effect on people's lives.

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interactive storytelling

Interactive Storytelling Introduction

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Face-to-face storytelling is one type of interactive storytelling, while digital storytelling is another. This article will explain what interactive storytelling is and why it is a fantastic technique to maintain user/audience attention.

What exactly do you mean when you say "interactive storytelling"?

Interactive storytelling is a method of narrating a story that involves the audience actively in the story. There are numerous ways to accomplish this, such as through a call to action, movement, or technology. The goal is to effectively bring the story to life for the user, allowing them to thoroughly immerse themselves in the world of the story.

Digital interactive storytelling is a new, growing field that falls under the ambit of human-computer interaction. Participants in this type of digital connection are people of all ages and demographics who use technology on various apps and platforms.

Characteristics of interactive storytelling

There are various components of interactive storytelling that keep people interested and encourage them to participate. Here are some of the most crucial characteristics that contribute to the appeal of stories.

Choice-based narratives

Children are frequently offered choices in interactive stories that determine how the story progresses and what happens at the end. The adolescent audience has the ability to make decisions on behalf of the characters, which alters the plot and leads the story down numerous paths. This feature gives the kids greater power and lets them feel more immersed.

Accessibility across several platforms

Digital gadgets, websites, mobile apps, virtual reality (VR), and even physical installations can be used to tell interactive stories. Depending on the platform, you can interact in a variety of ways, such as via striking a screen, chatting, moving or answering questions.

Response and Feedback

The audience can receive fast feedback and replies based on what they do or choose with interactive tales. The plot evolves depending on what the audience does, providing each person with a unique experience. This method of gaining control of the story lets children feel more connected and as though they have an impact on the story.

Gamification Element

Elements are frequently utilized in interactive stories to make them more entertaining. Interactive storytelling might involve gamification elements such as

  • tasks
  • puzzles
  • quizzes
  • point systems

These award prizes or allow you to go through the story. Gamification elements provide a sense of accomplishment to the audience and motivate them to learn more about the story.

Collaborative Storytelling

Interactive storytelling may engage the audience and allow them to develop the story as a group. This can be accomplished through making group decisions, sharing authority over characters or goods, or even working together to solve difficulties in the story. Collaborative sharing allows the audience to collaborate and get to know one another.

Adaptation in Real Time

The capacity to adapt the story in real time based on the audience's choices or inputs is one of the most significant aspects of interactive storytelling.

To make the experience more personal and interesting, the audience can adjust the tale plot, dialogue, or results as they go. This ensures that the tale remains engaging and responds to what the viewer does.

Elements of Immersion

Audiovisual effects, rich visuals, soundtracks, and virtual locations are examples of immersive components that are frequently employed in interactive tales.

The goal of these encounters is to immerse the viewer in the world of the story while also helping them feel more emotionally connected to it.

By incorporating these aspects, interactive storytelling attempts to create a more involved and engaging experience than simply listening to a story. It empowers the viewer, stimulates exploration, and makes the story experience more personalized and participatory.


In this article you have read how interactive storytelling incorporates various elements like audio-visuals and virtual locations.

You can give your responses in real time, have a collaborative experience and overall have a more engaging experience rather than be just a passive audience, user or reader.

Interactive storytelling means that as an audience you have an immersive experience when it allows you to choose the narrative or respond to the narrative with your actions.

It unleashes your imagination when you can reinvent the story and give it your twist.

You get the power of choice as interactive storytelling puts you in control so that as a viewer or a reader you can go beyond passive consumption and engage actively in the narrative.

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methods of storytelling

Methods of Storytelling

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In this article, you will read about different methods of storytelling to bring stories to life and get children involved.

Methods of Storytelling you could use to tell stories to children.

Storytelling is one of the most effective teaching-learning practices at school, home and caregiving centres.

Storytelling evokes empathy, and forms a deep link to the characters and stories.

The purpose of storytelling is to get children's attention and get them interested in learning. As parents, teachers, caregivers or educators, you can use the special tool of storytelling to unlock the magic of stories.

Stories can be an essential part of a child's growth years and could serve as an inspiration to read books, get knowledge, manage their emotions, and learn life skills.

1. Verbal Storytelling

The best way to keep children's attention, manage feelings, open perspectives and introduce concepts, is to tell them a story. It uses the power of the spoken word, voice inflexion, and lively movements to make a clear picture in the mind.

When using this method, storytellers should use colourful words, different tones, and stops to build tension and keep kids' attention.

Adding sound effects, imitating the voices of the characters, and getting the kids involved through repeat or call-and-response can get them more involved and help them remember the story.

2. Written storytelling

Written stories are an old method of storytelling to share stories and thoughts with children. In this method, authors/storytellers use the power of printed words to tell their stories.

While in ancient times, people used stone carvings and primitive scrolls, over the past hundred years storytellers tell their stories through various types of books.

With diverse writing techniques, writers can describe scenes and feelings in great detail, and bring characters to life.

Reading improves children’s vocabulary and this impacts their reading and writing skills. As they learn new words, their improved reading fluency helps them learn more.

Kids turn the pages of a book to experience exciting journeys, learn about other places, and people and discover new perspectives.

Reading the written word gives readers the amazing ability to go beyond time and space. This means that written stories can be passed from one generation to the next and loved for years to come.

3. Telling a story visually

Visual storytelling is a way to convey ideas and make a story visually interesting. This is done by using pictures, props, puppets or drawings. Picture books use the visual storytelling method because their large pictures ensure that kids see what's going on in the story while listening to the words.

The pictures are usually bright, colourful, and visually interesting. This keeps children's attention and pulls them into the story. When combined with narration, interesting pictures can help a child observe details, understand and remember the story.

Traditionally, puppets, dance and shadow play were used in various parts of the world to put across stories and ideas visually. Adding to these, in modern times, visual stories are told through signages, billboards, and other media.

4. Interactive storytelling

In this method, children participate in interactive stories, encouraging them to think and spark their imagination. This method can be done in many different ways, such as:

• Role-playing: This entails getting kids to act out different characters. It helps them see the story from different points of view and build empathy.

• Storytelling games: giving kids games in which they have to make decisions or solve problems related to the story. This helps them think critically and keeps them interested in the story and activities.

• Crafts and activities: Adding hands-on tasks linked to the story, like making art or building things, helps kids connect more deeply with the story.

5. Digital Storytelling

In the digital age that we live in, new ways to tell stories are possible due to technology. Digital storytelling means using music, video, and interactive features to capture children’s attention.

These technological tools are e-books, animated movies, teaching apps and internet-based platforms. Using these tools may let kids experience stories in a multi-sensory way and also stimulate their intellectual capabilities. Additionally, digital tools make it easier to put across complex ideas creatively.

These digital tools amuse the kids while using audio-visuals for storytelling, and help children better understand the story ideas. Digital storytelling could also be interactive when children have to answer questions for the story to proceed further.


Storytelling is one of the best methods you can use to inspire kids to love reading and learning. Through stories, kids learn to use their past experiences, recall, evaluate, grasp and synthesise ideas, form inferences and present their thoughts.

In the above write-up, you learnt about different methods of storytelling, such as written narrative, verbal storytelling, visual tools, interactive storytelling, and digital platforms.

You can make learning a fun activity, and make the experience exciting and interesting to children by using these storytelling methods.

So, you can tell a captivating story told sitting around a campfire, read out a beautifully illustrated picture book, or participate in an interactive digital adventure. The power of storytelling lies in its ability to take children to different worlds and encourage them to explore the vast realm of their creative minds.

By exploring the various methods of storytelling, you can engage children’s creative imagination and help them learn concepts.

Further reading

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how to tell stories to kids

How to Tell Stories to Kids

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Telling stories to kids can be a great way to get them to use their imaginations. Listening to stories encourages their creativity, and helps them learn how to use words. How to tell stories to kids is a question many new parents have. It is not difficult to tell stories if you consider these points. So, here are some ways to tell children stories:

Choose stories that fit their age:

Choose stories that the child can understand and are right for his or her age. Younger kids might like simple stories with a lot of repetition, while older kids might like more complicated stories.

Follow the rule of five, which means if there are more than five difficult words on a single page which the child cannot understand then do not select that book.

Use expression in narration:

You can use a range of vocal tones, facial expressions, and hand movements to bring the story to life. Try different sounds for each character to make the story exciting and interesting.

Make sure it's fun:

Include the child in the process of telling the story. Ask them questions, get them to guess what might happen next, or let them add their own ideas or characters to the story.

The idea is to get them to participate in the storytelling to a small extent so that they listen actively and enjoy the session. Answering easy questions will give them confidence and validation. This way they will look forward to listening to stories.

Tell stories using pictures or props:

Pictures or props can make your story more interesting. You can show people or important parts of the story with pictures, puppets, or even simple things.

Use flash cards, teaching learning materials, cutouts from magazines/newspapers or old coloring books. If you use images or props, it breaks the monotony of just listening and imagining. Images and props add a fun element in the storytelling experience.

You could ask younger children to identify the right image or prop for its name. For instance, a cool drink among two other food items.

Use descriptive words:

Paint lively pictures with what you say. Describe the people, settings, and events in depth, so that the child's senses and imagination are activated. This helps them see what's going on and gets them more interested in the story.

Keep it interesting and moving:

Keep the story moving at a good pace to keep the child's attention. Change your voice's texture, speed, and volume according to the story. This will create tension, excitement, or calm when you need to.

Personalize the story:

Add details from the child's life or things he or she is interested in. You can help them connect with the story more deeply by using their name, putting in places they know, or using themes they like.

Encourage conversation and thought:

Use pre-storytelling, during-storytelling and after-storytelling conversation.  For instance, before you tell the story, you could ask the kids to predict what the story is about based on the title.

During storytelling you could ask open ended questions based on your story, to get them to think creatively and critically. After you tell the story, ask the child what they think and feel about the story.

 What they think about the characters and what would they do in the story. Has something similar happened in their life or how they relate to the story?

Repeat stories:

Children often like to hear their favorite stories over and over again. Repetition can be comfortable, and it lets them know what to expect and take part in the story.

Be happy and have fun:

Children pick up on how energetic and happy the speaker is. Act like you're excited and enjoying the story, and have fun with the child as you tell it.

To sum up

After reading this article, you know how to tell stories to kids. Remember that telling a story isn't just about the words you use, but also about how you make the child feel. When you tell stories to kids, enjoy the experience and let your creativity and imagination lead the way.

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Audible Plus Catalogue Highlights

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What exactly is Audible Plus Catalogue?

Audible is a company that specializes in the sales of audiobooks. It is the provider of a subscription program known as Audible Plus and is wholly owned by Amazon. For a recurring charge, Audible Plus gives customers access to a library that contains catalogue of thousands of audiobooks. Additionally, it has other types of audio content such as podcasts, original shows, and guided wellness programs. 

Audible charges a recurring membership fee of rs.199 per month for membership. You can also try audible for free and take a membership if you like the experience of listening to audiobooks and the audible plus catalogue. Additionally, you can download and keep an audiobook until your membership lasts.

Which Audiobooks are Popular from the Audible Plus Catalogue?

The catalogue for Audible Plus is always being updated, and it now offers a wide variety of categories and titles. These include best-sellers, recently released works, and exclusive material. The audiobook versions of J.K. Rowling's "The Harry Potter" series are among the most downloaded titles in the Audible Plus collection. You can click on the image and check their ratings.

"The Martian" by Andy Weir, narrated by Wil Wheaton

"Becoming" written and narrated by Michelle Obama

"The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy" by Douglas Adams, narrated by Stephan Fry

These are just some of the best audiobooks on Audible.

But other than these, there are several more audiobooks that are popular. Check the ratings and reviews for audiobooks/podcasts in your favourite genre to check popularity. For instance, “The Compound Effect” written and narrated by Darren Hardy has 4.5 stars out of 5.

An audiobook that is included in your membership will have an “included” tag while others you have to purchase. There are so many audible originals, podcasts and audiobooks in Audible Plus that you could take a long time till you listen to all of them.

Audible shows you various popular audiobooks on their home page. But you will find the genre categories when you click on “View All”. The genre of audiobooks includes

  • Arts and Entertainment,
  • Biographies and Memoirs,
  • Business and Careers,
  • Children’s Audiobooks,
  • Comedy and Humor

and many others.

Top New Releases in Audible Plus Catalogue

Audible Plus offers many new releases all the time as the list constantly gets updated. While you can explore the catalogue, audible also shows you the top new releases that are selected more often by listeners. Yet you can always explore what genre suits you best.

Popular Listens

Audible will showcase to you their popular listen so in case you want to explore what other people are listening to and get to know if the books seem interesting to you. If you are using your laptop and hover over a book cover, you will see a box showing the name of the author, who has narrated it, the length of the audiobook, and how many stars it gets on a couple of parameters. 

The Alchemist by Paulo Coelho, narrated by Jeremy Irons

You will also get a short summary of the book and a review to help you decide. If you click on the title you will get more information about the book such as publisher, ratings, unabridged/abridged, and cost of the audiobook or add it to your Wishlist, read a more detailed summary, write a review or share a link of the book to someone as a recommendation.

Trending in Audible Plus Catalogue

Going through this suggestion list will show you audiobooks that are trending in the audible plus catalogue in diverse genres like health and wellness, money and finance, religion and spirituality, parenting and relationships, and others.

Most Popular Podcasts

You will find here the most popular podcasts from the audible plus catalogue including the episodes and their respective heading, a short summary and the duration of each podcast episode.

Popular Audible Originals

Find Audible original audiobooks to listen to your heart's content. Some examples are Deepak Chopra’s Mind, Body Zone, You are the Guru by Gabrielle Bernstein, The Coldest Case by James Patterson and many more.

Hindi Audiobooks

You can view Hindi audiobooks in the audible plus catalogue under many subheadings such as popular Hindi Audiobooks, new releases, business and money, self-development, non-fiction, classic Hindi stories, contemporary fiction, and translations. Also find Hindi audiobooks by popular authors like Devdutt Patnaik, Osho and Ruskin bond.

Other than these, find hundreds of interesting, useful and life-impacting audiobooks in your favourite genre in the Audible Plus Catalog.

Popular Hindi Audiobooks

Godan by Munshi Premchand, narrated by Sameer Goswami

Complete Chanakya Neeti by R.P. Jain, narrated by Nathan Dcosta

Meri Geeta by Devdutt Pattnaik, narrated by Ajay Raj Tomar

What advantages do listening to audiobooks have over reading paperbacks?

The ability to listen to an audiobook whenever and wherever you like eliminates the need to transport a physical copy of the book, which is one of the many advantages of these recordings. It is possible to listen to an audiobook while performing other activities, such as driving, working out, or performing chores around the house. 

They also provide a one-of-a-kind and immersive listening experience, with narrators that bring the story to life through the use of voice modulation and drama in their speaking voices. Audiobooks are recordings of books that are read aloud by a trained voice actor. They make experiencing books possible without the need to actually read the books, which is a time-saving and convenient benefit.

Listening to audiobooks comes with several advantages, including the following:

1. Multi-Tasking

The ability to listen to books while engaging in other activities, such as driving, working out, or performing tasks around the house, is one of the many advantages of audiobooks. Reading can now more easily be incorporated into your already hectic schedule as a result.

2. Better Comprehension

When compared to reading a physical book, listening to an audiobook can sometimes result in a person having a better understanding of the subject matter as well as a greater recall of the information. This is because the voice and tone of the storyteller can contribute to conveying meaning and emotion.

3. Higher Entertainment Value

It's possible that listening to an audiobook will be more interesting than reading a physical book, especially if the narrator is skilled and brings the characters to life with their voice acting. Audiobooks offer a higher potential for entertainment value.

4. Better Accessibility

With the help of audiobooks, it is possible to consume a greater number of books than you would normally have the time to read. Those who have learning challenges or visual impairments will find this to be an especially valuable resource.

5. Improve Speaking and Listening Skills

Listening to audiobooks can help improve your pronunciation and language skills by exposing you to the right way of pronunciation, emphasizing certain words for effect and usage of right words to convey the meaning. 

This will help you better understand how words are pronounced and fluency of language. Listening to audiobooks can improve listening skills and concentration.

In general, listening to books on audiobooks could be a more convenient and interesting method to experience literature, and this can be especially helpful for persons who have hectic schedules, visual impairments, or learning challenges.


Is listening to an audiobook book more beneficial than reading it in print?

The question of whether audiobooks are superior to paperbacks is determined by individual preference. Physical act of reading a book may be more appealing to some people. Others may find that listening to a book read aloud is both more convenient and more interesting.

Both forms come with their own specific set of benefits as well as drawbacks. It is ultimately up to the person to choose which one they like more.

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sources of information

Sources of Information

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Sources of information are those databases, websites, books, journals and magazines, user manuals, booklets, and such other materials or resources that provide knowledge. Among all these resources of information, is there any distinction?

Are government websites, news websites, e-commerce, academic sites, and all other sites in one category or is there any distinction between them? In this article, we will find what is the distinction or classification between these resources.

Let’s first reconsider which are some common information sources.

  • Books
  • Journals and magazines
  • Newspaper
  • Online resources
  • Government documents
  • Personal interviews
  • Audio and video recordings
  • Artefacts and objects of historical importance

Now that you are reminded about some of the information resources you could have encountered at some point of time; we can move ahead to find the classification of information sources.

Sources of Information

Primary Sources

These sources are those materials that have original information from reliable and authorised persons or organisations. These materials could be in any form; either on paper, digital or audio-video.

New discoveries by scientists, white papers, Press conference reports, seminar reports, manuscripts, interviews, photographs, official documents, speeches, journals, research papers, surveys, and other materials that are not regurgitated and are original.

Such types of materials are unfiltered, untempered and in their original forms. 

Secondary Sources

These are sources that are prepared on the basis of primary sources. This means that they are not original, rather they are explained, analysed, reviewed or summarized information from the original source. 

A secondary source could give an overview of something that has already been written before or reported earlier. So they provide background information, brief information or opinions and reviews of something. These sources may or not be written by a subject expert. 

These secondary sources could be biased and report the original source with a limited scope or twisted way. So you must always consult the original or authorised and reliable primary source whenever accessing sensitive or valuable information.

Examples of secondary sources are books, scholarly articles based on one or many primary sources, and newspaper/magazine articles that discuss or analyse events and issues. 

Meta-analysis is studies that combine the results of multiple studies on the same topic in order to give a fuller picture of the topic; for instance, a synthesis of various studies of the effectiveness of Covid-19 vaccines. These are also secondary sources. 

Biographies of personalities written by another author, based on several other sources,  are also secondary sources. 

Tertiary Sources

These are resources that are based on several primary and secondary sources. Tertiary sources are reference books, indexes and dictionaries that give an overview and a compilation of vast subject areas. 

A resource that is an essence of several primary and secondary sources is a tertiary source. For instance, an Encyclopedia of Women in World History.

Dictionaries, concise handbooks, yearbooks, almanacs, and directories are examples of tertiary information sources. 


Primary, secondary, and tertiary information sources are all important tools you need to gather information for a specific purpose. To do good research, it's important to understand the differences between these sources and use them in the right way. You should look at a wide range of sources to get a full understanding of your chosen topic.

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evaluate information sources

Why Evaluate Information Sources?

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Whenever you have to research information online or offline, there are a plethora of information sources that you can use. Different types of information sources present information in various ways. While searching online there is a variety of URLs that may or may not have authority in that field. Books, magazines, brochures, and manuals are a few offline resources you could consult for your research. So, why is it important to evaluate these information sources? Stay tuned and read further for clarity.

Why is it important to evaluate sources of information?

Evaluating information sources is important because it lets you figure out the quality, accuracy, and reliability of the information you’re using. With so much information on the internet, it is important to be able to figure out how reliable the sources are that you use to make decisions, solve problems, or learn new things.

Five reasons why it's important to evaluate sources of information

1. Accuracy

You need accurate information to make good decisions. If the information isn't right, it could lead to wrong conclusions and bad results.

2. Credibility

It's important to judge the credibility of sources to figure out if the information can be trusted. Sources that aren't trustworthy might give you biased or false information, which can lead to incorrect beliefs.

3. Date

Information that is too old may no longer be correct or useful. It is important to look at how old the sources are to make sure that the information used is up-to-date and current.

4. Bias

Some sources may have a point of view that affects the information they give. It's important to look at sources to see if they have a bias and think about how that might affect the information they give.

5. Purpose

Knowing why a source was made can help you decide if it's good for what you want to do with it. For instance, if the source is meant to be convincing (persuasive), it might not be good for factual research.

Is information literacy and evaluating information sources the same?

Evaluating information means you are thinking critically about the source of information. It is part of your information literacy skills when you evaluate information sources.

Information literacy is important in the digital age, when there is so much information that it can be hard to know where to start. It helps people make good decisions, think critically, and keep learning throughout their lives.

What does "information literacy" mean?

Information literacy is the skill of being able to find, evaluate, use, and responsibly share information. It is a set of skills, attitudes, and knowledge that helps you find, understand, evaluate, and use information in different situations.

Having information literacy means:

  1. Figuring out what information is needed to answer a question, solve a problem, or make a decision.
  2. Knowing how to use books, articles, databases, the internet, and other sources to search for and find relevant information.
  3. Figuring out how good, reliable, and useful is information from different sources.
  4. Putting information in order means putting it in order and managing it in a way that makes it easy to find and use.
  5. Using information to solve a problem, answer a question, or make a decision.
  6. Communicating information to different audiences in a way that is effective and moral.


Overall, to make sure that the information you use is correct, trustworthy, up-to-date, and good for what you want to do with it, evaluating information sources is important. It's important to learn how to think critically so that you can evaluate information sources and make decisions based on the information you have.

Further Reading

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