Teaching Learning Process and School Library

The teaching-learning process is a complex and multi-layered activity. There are several factors that are part of the teaching-learning process wherein the school library can make a lot of difference.

teaching learning process and school library

What do we mean by the teaching-learning process?

Teaching is the process of passing information and knowledge to another person. Learning is the process of gathering information and making connections with existing background knowledge. 

The new and old knowledge integrate to form coherent and cohesive knowledge that can be recalled and used whenever required. 

Read further to find what are the steps, and components of the teaching process and maybe you could think over each line to comprehend its essence.

Teaching and learning is a process in which a teacher looks at, 

  • how much a student already knows and how well a student understands, 
  • decide which are specific learning goals, 
  • come up with ways to teach and remember things, 
  • implement a blueprint, and 
  • look at how well the instruction worked.

Teaching is paying attention to people’s needs, experiences, and feelings and stepping in to help them learn certain concepts and processes. It leads to the enhancement and development of skills, knowledge of concepts, values, proficiency, methods and techniques.

quote on experiential learning

Components of the teaching-learning process. 

Some of the components are listed below.

  1. The student’s level of understanding impacts the learning process because students come from various backgrounds, attitudes and aptitudes.
  2. Previous background knowledge (schema) is critical for comprehending new concepts. Due to prior knowledge, the learner can integrate the new information with the basic knowledge they already have. This is also called a constructivist theory of the learning process.
  3. Learners learn through various sensory experiences like listening, watching, and doing (cognitive and experiential learning).

Steps in the teaching-learning process

  • Formulate the design of course teaching, pace, explanation, and source relevant examples. 
  • Identify effective instructional activities to convey the content.
  • Determine learning outcomes within the context of curriculum requirements.
  • Locate lag in student comprehension and customize teaching methods.
  • Decide what are the assessment criteria and rubrics.

6 E’s and 1 S Model in Teaching Learning

The teaching-learning process includes instructional strategies that are based on the 6 E’s and one S model. They are,

  • Engage
  • Explore
  • Explain
  • Elaborate
  • Evaluate
  • Extend
  • Standards

This means that the teacher has to engage the students in the content she has to teach so that they are attentive and there could be a correlation between the known content with the new learnings. The students have to be motivated to explore new topics and research further driven by their intrinsic motivation to know more.

Students have to comprehend the learnt topic such that they can recall and explain the concepts and information by themselves. Not only recall and explain, but students can also elaborate further information based on their research for their assignments. The next step is for the teacher to evaluate the comprehension of the students based on the assessment method. 

If the teachings are relevant in the real world then the knowledge is extended to newer dimensions. All of the above aspects of the teaching-learning process are standardized and work within the framework laid down by the government education boards. Continue reading after watching this video.

Video credit A beautiful day to learn PH

What has changed in the 21st century?

We all have experienced in recent years, that change is a constant in the 21st century because of a variety of global issues and technical advancements. New technologies have invaded almost all fields and forced people to learn digital skills. Adapting to changes and learning new skills is a must.

Distinguishing between spammy and genuine content, be it emails, advertisements or SMS has become a must in the 21st century. Thinking out of the box and finding creative solutions is essential many times. We need to work in teams either online or offline. Networking, and sharing ideas and knowledge are also required. The need to take the lead and help society is also strong in the present times.

Information and media explosion is on the rise because of the internet, social media, news channels, mobile apps and whatnot. We use diverse sources to gather information and also have to decode media messages. All of this is because we use technology daily, more than we did decades ago.

Because of so many changes, we need to be adaptable and driven by intrinsic motivation. Too many distractions in today’s times necessitate the need to manage time and decide where we devote our attention and what are our priorities. 

3 Books on 21st-Century Changes and Lessons

21 Lessons for the 21st Century (4.5 stars out of 5)

Everyday Chaos (4.5 stars out of 5)

Too Big to know (4 out of 5 stars)

So, how does the library fit into the teaching-learning process?

Because the library is a centre for resources and knowledge within the school, it has the potential to be a happening place for the teaching-learning process in the school.

As knowledge has no boundaries in a school library, students can engage and explore a variety of content areas ahead and beyond their curriculum. Teachers and librarians collaborate to make optimum use of the school library resources.

In the school library, students get the motivation to read or find information on subjects of their interests. They get to know more than is required in their syllabus and as much as they are interested to learn. 

The vocabulary and communication skills of students can improve if they make good use of the library. Other than current news, they can get to know the diverse thoughts and opinions of inspirational people, business leaders, and successful people.

But most of all, it is important to know that the 6 E’s and 1 S of the teaching-learning process is possible with the help of a school/academic library. 

How to effectively use school libraries in the teaching-learning process?

teaching learning process and learning style

Every person has a learning style through which they can learn the best. For instance, some people find it easier to comprehend concepts with the help of diagrams and infographics. While others prefer to watch a how-to video or do things by themselves. 

Some learn in groups and some prefer to learn independently. This is the reason why classroom teachers use a variety of instructional techniques so that students with diverse learning styles can comprehend the concepts. 

Experiential learning is a great way to learn through action, doing, experience, discovery and exploration. For creating and using experiential learning techniques in your classroom, exploring the library will provide you with ideas and resources for effective teaching and learning. 

Components of experiential learning

A variety of infographic charts, mind maps, anchor charts, diagrams, audio-visual resources, online resources, and so much more will help you with instructional aids and ideas. 


If you are an educator, take the support of the library and librarian to find various ways you can bring in a variety of instructional material to take your teaching process to the next level. 

You may also know that collaborative learning takes place in groups. Peer learning is a sort of collaborative learning in which students work in pairs or small groups to explore ideas or solve issues. So for all these methods, you can use the school library and librarian’s skills to help you move forward in the teaching-learning process.

Resource for Further Reading

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